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This paper contributes to the impact evaluation of forest certification by estimating the effects of certification of non-industrial private forest owners in Sweden.  It relies on official forest inventory data at the plot level, information on certification status, and standard impact evaluation methods to identify the causal effect of certification on three environmental outcomes: environmentally important areas preserved during the felling, number of trees and high stumps left after the felling, and area set aside for conservation purposes. Moreover, it analyzes the effect of the two most important certification schemes: the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC).
Lead organization:
University of Gothenburg
Study sector:
Study type:
Outcome or Impact Evaluation
Study design & methods:
Quantitative collection and analysis methods, Qualitative collection and analysis methods
Study scope:
Environmental issues
Name of lead contact:
Anna Nordén