Four questions have been identified around which to structure the analysis and these have been addressed in all of the countries concerned. The questions are as follows:
1. What has been the role of oil palm expansion on economic development and land use change?
2. What has been the importance of state policies as against corporate strategies in shaping oil palm development?
3. What have been the socioeconomic outcomes of the disparate business models employed?
4. What are the possible initiatives that could provide more sustainable and inclusive oil palm production?