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Based on interview data and textual analysis of FSC and government documents, this paper identifies the mechanisms of indirect FSC influence on states—professionalization, civil society mobilization, firm lobbying, and international market pressure, and argues that they are likely to be activated under conditions of poor and decentralized governance, overlapping and competing regulations and high foreign market demand for exports.Through an examination of the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) in Russia and Brazil, it finds that the FSC has influenced domestic rhetoric, laws, and enforcement practices. FSC has had a more disruptive and consequential impact on Russia’s domestic forest governance; in Brazil, earlier transnational environmental campaigns had already begun to shift domestic institutions toward sustainability.

Lead organization:
University of British Columbia
Study sector:
Study type:
Context or baseline assessment
Study design & methods:
Qualitative collection and analysis methods
Study scope:
Research Partner(s):
Bowdoin College
Published on:
November 16, 2017
Name of lead contact:
Lisa McIntosh Sundstrom