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This volume presents baseline information from four studies carried out in Brazil, as part of CIFOR’s ongoing evaluation of the impacts of Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certification on natural tropical forests. The findings of these studies will facilitate the design of an empirical impact evaluation, by providing background information on the biophysical, social, economic, and policy contexts of FSC certification. As such, this study aims to answer the questions of when, where, how, to what extent, why, at what cost to whom, and for how long FSC certification has contributed to the maintenance of the values of natural tropical forests. The components of this evaluation will link: 1) a theory-based impact evaluation of the intervention, developed through counterfactual analysis, and 2) a process evaluation, which assesses the extent to which the intervention was implemented as designed.

Lead organization:
Study sector:
Forestry focus:
Natural forest management
Study type:
Study design & methods:
Study scope:
Social issues, Environmental issues, Economic issues
Primary Research Funders:
Name of lead contact:
Claudia Romero