Ivory Coast
Unnamed Road Vallée du Bandama CI

Côte d’Ivoire has been the world’s largest cocoa exporter since the 1980s. The cocoa sector faces a number of challenges such as low productivity and smallholder farmer incomes, poor working conditions, complex labour issues and environmental challenges such as deforestation and climate change. The Sustainable Trade Initiative (IDH) aims to accelerate and up-scale sustainable trade by building impact-oriented coalitions of multinationals, civil society organisations, governments and other stakeholders through co-funding and convening public and private interests, strengths and knowledge.The IDH Cocoa Productivity and Quality Programme (CPQP) is a four-year programme that aims to mainstream the results of the previous Cocoa Improvement Programme (CIP1). It seeks to assist smallholder cocoa farmers to move out of poverty and make a transition to running viable businesses for sustainable cocoa production. The programme promotes four tools to do this: good agricultural practices (GAPs), standards systems (certification), farmer aggregation and financing mechanisms. In 2013, IDH commissioned LEI Wageningen UR to set a baseline for this programme. LEI Wageningen UR led the study in partnership with the Centre for Development Innovation (CDI Wageningen UR), the French Centre de Coopération Internationale et Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (CIRAD), and Ivorian research organisation Agriculture et Cycle de Vie (A & CV). This report presents the results of the independent baseline survey and assessment framework carried out by the research team. It contains an evaluation of the effectiveness of the cocoa programme in bringing about improvements for cocoa farmers and cooperatives participating in the programme. The report also presents the lessons learnt and provides recommendations to improve the quality of the programme.


Lead organization:
LEI Wageningen UR
Study sector:
Agriculture focus:
UTZ, Rainforest Alliance, Fairtrade
Study type:
Context or baseline assessment
Study design & methods:
Control group(s) / counterfactual, Before and after comparison, Quantitative collection and analysis methods, Qualitative collection and analysis methods
Study scope:
Social issues, Environmental issues, Economic issues
Primary Research Funders:
Research Partner(s):
ALP, UTZ, Cargill, Solidardiad, dutch government (top sector funds)
Name of lead contact:
Verina Ingram