Wageningen, Netherlands
16 Pabstsendam Wageningen Gelderland 6701 PC NL
This report deals with the impact of ‘International Cooperative Initiatives on Biodiversity’ (ICIBs); initiatives of private, non-state actors besides, or with, national governments, and their effects on biodiversity conservation and enhancement on the ground. Five cases were analysed: (1) Citizens’ initiatives (CIs) that contribute to private nature conservation; (2) Community forest management (CFM) that strives for the improvement of rural livelihoods, forest conditions and forest biodiversity; (3) Landscape and forest restoration (LFR) under the Bonn challenge; (4) Re-naturing cities (RNC) for green infrastructures and biodiversity enhancement in urban areas; and (5) Voluntary Sustainability Standards (VSS) which – through market certification schemes – aims at enhancing the sustainable use of natural resources.
Lead organization:
PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency
Study sector:
Agriculture, Forestry
Rainforest Alliance, Forest Stewardship Council
Study type:
Outcome or Impact Evaluation
Study design & methods:
Qualitative collection and analysis methods
Study scope:
Environmental issues
Research Partner(s):
Wageningen University and Research
Published on:
December 1, 2017
Name of lead contact:
Bas Arts