West Africa

This study aims to measure and value the environmental and social externalities of the cocoa supply chain and by comparing conventional to certified cocoa.
This report will provide an answer to the following research questions:
1. What is the size of the external costs of cocoa production in Ivory Coast?
2. What are the most material externalities?
3. How are external costs divided over the cocoa supply chain?
4. Is there a difference between certified vs. non-certified cocoa?

Lead organization:
True Price
Study sector:
Agriculture focus:
UTZ, Fairtrade, Rainforest Alliance
Study type:
Study design & methods:
Quantitative collection and analysis methods
Study scope:
Economic issues
Primary Research Funders:
True Price
Name of lead contact:
Berend Potjer