The aim is to capture some of the main results on the impact of VSS which can be found in the literature. This literature review is based on a screening of the most important studies which have recently been released as well as an identification of additional studies based on a search in Web of Science which is the most elaborated database for peer reviewed academic papers.

Lead organization:
Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies
Study sector:
Agriculture focus:
Tea, Cocoa
Forestry focus:
Fairtrade, FSC, Rainforest Alliance, UTZ
Study type:
Study design & methods:
Quantitative collection and analysis methods
Study scope:
Social issues, Environmental issues, Economic issues
Primary Research Funders:
Leuven Centre for Global Governance Studies
Name of lead contact:
Axel Marx